From the article in PNAS:
Vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA) is an emerging field that is particularly beneficial for select amputees and patients with devastating soft tissue loss that is not amenable to conventional reconstructive surgeries. As with solid organ transplantation, VCA recipients are subjected to a lifelong regimen of antirejection drugs with a well-established sequela. Herein, we report a synthetic, controlled-release microparticle system (referred to as TRI-MP) that aims to locally enrich naturally occurring, suppressive lymphocytes to prevent allograft rejection and promote tolerance. While this study exclusively focuses on VCA, this technology has implications for other conditions characterized by aberrant inflammation.